Journal of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics

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2022 | July-December | Volume 7 | Issue 2

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Mahendran Kavitha, Jothi L Sundaramurthy, Babu Shanmathy, Uma B Rajendran

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients Seeking Dental Care during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Questionnaire Survey

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:23 - 27]

Keywords: Attitude, Coronavirus disease-2019, Dental anxiety, Dental care, Knowledge, Questionnaire survey, Practice

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0126  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of patients seeking dental care during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic among outpatients of Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India using a questionnaire survey. Materials and methods: A short questionnaire survey, which consisted of 16 structured close-ended questions, was conducted among 350 dental patients from April 2021 to August 2021. Statistical analysis was performed using a statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS), version 22.0. All the associations were tested using the Chi-square test and the p-value was set at less than 0.05. Wilcoxon signed rank nonparametric test was used to compare dental anxiety before and during the pandemic. Results: This survey showed that out of 350 patients examined, the overall knowledge of the participants regarding COVID–19 was 83.1; 63.5% displayed a positive attitude and 87.6% of participants demonstrated positive practice. Significance in KAP data was seen with respect to age, gender, education, and occupation with p < 0.05. There was a significant increase in dental anxiety during the pandemic (3.2 ± 3.4) when compared to the previous level (0.82 ± 1.78) with p < 0.001 evaluated by the numeric rating scale. Conclusion: Keeping in view of the responses obtained from this study, the general and dental population can be encouraged to exhibit more positive behavior and knowledge through educational programs provided by the government or other organizations, which would help in winning the battle against COVID-19. Clinical significance: Insufficiencies in knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 should be considered seriously and dealt with better through social media and various awareness programs. Analysis of dental anxiety before and during the pandemic gives an idea to the practitioner that the population must be encouraged to undergo treatment for all sorts of dental conditions by adhering to proper protocols.

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CASE REPORT

Nandhini Shanmugasundaram, Subha Anirudhan, Minu Koshy, Remya Varghese, Nanthini Rajamanickam

Successful Management of Fractured Premolar with Veneerlay Following Morphology-driven Preparation Technique Principles

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:28 - 32]

Keywords: Case report, Ceramics, Morphology-driven preparation technique, Veneerlay

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0125  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Recently, with rapid evolution in dental adhesive technology, less invasive approaches have been reported in contemporary restorative dentistry. New restorative materials such as onlay, inlay, and other indirect partial coverage restorations of teeth, retained by microretention through adhesives rather than macro-retention are increasingly accepted by dentists. Conventional crowns sacrifice amounts of residual sound hard tissues. Partial coverage restorations in the posteriors fulfill esthetic requirements while adhering to bioeconomic principles resulting in biomechanical strengthening of the remaining tooth structure. Veneerlays would be an excellent restoration option rather than using a full coverage restoration in many cases as it involves only the buccal and occlusal surfaces. This is a case report describing an indirect restoration for preparation using morphology-driven preparation technique (MDPT) principles and bonding of a veneerlay, which brings an esthetic and functional alternative to restoring the maxillary premolar teeth. Follow-up of the case has shown a successful outcome.

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CASE REPORT

Sukruti S Babu, Subha Anirudhan, Minu Koshy

Successful Management of Fractured Teeth through Reattachment: Case Series with Follow-up

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:33 - 37]

Keywords: Case report, Fiber post, Fracture fragment reattachment, Fragment reattachment

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0127  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this case series was to show how to manage dental injuries by reattaching the patient's own tooth fragment. Background: Dental trauma frequently results in coronal fractures of the anterior teeth. Root canal therapy followed by reattaching the fractured segment with fiber post reinforcement is a viable alternative in cases of complicated fractures where the fractured segment is present and there is close approximation of the segment to the intact tooth. In comparison to other treatments, reattaching broken tooth fragments using a variety of procedures has several benefits, notably in terms of restoring the esthetics, functionality, form, texture, and translucency of the surface. Case description: The present case series describes three clinical cases of reattachment using three different treatment strategies depending on the severity of fracture and the success of these treatment procedures was evaluated for a period of 6 months. All the three strategies have shown a successful clinical outcome. Clinical significance: Besides being a conservative procedure, reattachment provides an immediate positive psychological response from the patient.

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Jogikalmat Krithikadatta, Aruna Krishnan

Root Caries: Etiopathogenesis and Management

[Year:2022] [Month:July-December] [Volume:7] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:38 - 43]

Keywords: Biofilm, Etiology, Management, Prevention, Root caries, Root decay

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0124  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Root caries is a type of dental decay that affects the roots of teeth. Unlike traditional dental caries, which typically affect the enamel and dentin of the tooth, root caries occurs when the roots of teeth become exposed due to receding gums or other factors. This can leave the softer, more vulnerable root tissue exposed to bacteria and acid, leading to decay and eventual tooth loss if left untreated. Root caries is a common problem for older adults, as well as people with certain medical conditions or medications that can affect oral health. Treatment for root caries typically involves removing the decayed tissue and restoring the tooth with a filling or crown. However, prevention is the best approach, and good oral hygiene, a healthy diet, and regular dental checkups can all help to reduce the risk of developing root caries. In recent years, researchers have also been exploring new approaches to preventing and treating root caries, such as using fluoride varnishes or other topical treatments to strengthen the tooth enamel and reduce the risk of decay. With proper care and attention, it is possible to prevent and manage root caries, helping to maintain healthy teeth and gums throughout life.

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