Journal of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Staining Solutions on the Color Stability of Conventional and Bulk Fill Nanohybrid Resin Composites: A Spectrophotometric Analysis

Jayaprakash Thumu, Anirudh Kadiyala, Indira Priyadarshini Bollu, Srinidhi Vishnu Ballullaya, Srihari Devalla

Citation Information : Thumu J, Kadiyala A, Bollu IP, Ballullaya SV, Devalla S. Effect of Staining Solutions on the Color Stability of Conventional and Bulk Fill Nanohybrid Resin Composites: A Spectrophotometric Analysis. J Oper Dent Endod 2017; 2 (1):1-5.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0024

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-06-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of staining solutions on the color stability of bulk fill and conventional nanohybrid resin composites (RCs) when subjected to various immersion periods.

Materials and methods

A total of 120 cylindrical Teflon molds (4 × 4 mm) were obtained and divided into four groups of 30 each. Molds of groups I and II were filled with Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and Filtek Bulk Fill (3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA). Molds of groups III and IV were filled with Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Filtek Z250 XTE (3M ESPE) incremental fill RC. Photo-activation was performed and specimens were incubated. Spectrophotometer analysis was done according to Commission Internationale d'Eclairage Lab color scale. After taking the baseline measurements, 10 samples from each group were immersed in distilled water (control, subgroup a), tea (subgroup b), and coffee (subgroup c) respectively, for 1, 7, and 30 days. The color values of each specimen were remeasured and color change value (E*ab) was calculated after 1, 7, and 30 days. Data were analyzed by Friedman's test and Mann–Whitney U-test; p < 0.05 is considered to be statistically significant.


Group III specimens showed perceptible color changes at 30-day immersion period in coffee and tea. In group I specimens, color changes were perceptible at 7- and 30-day immersion periods in coffee and only 30-day immersion period in tea. Groups II and IV specimens showed perceptible color changes after all immersion periods in coffee and after 30 days in tea.


It can be concluded that Tetric N Ceram has less color change than the other nanohybrid RCs investigated when immersed in coffee and tea after various immersion periods.

How to cite this article

Thumu J, Kadiyala A, Bollu IP, Ballullaya SV, Devalla S. Effect of Staining Solutions on the Color Stability of Conventional and Bulk Fill Nanohybrid Resin Composites: A Spectrophotometric Analysis. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(1):1-5.

  1. Evaluation of the color matching ability of three light cure composite materials, in variable thickness with their respective shade guides and the standard vitapan shade guide using CIE Lab spectroscopy - an invitro study. J Conserv Dent 2007;10:77-82.
  2. Effect of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages on color stability and surface roughness of resin composites: An in vitro study. J Conserv Dent 2012;15:283-288.
  3. Tooth-colored Restoratives. Principles and Techniques. London: BC Decker Inc; 2002.
  4. Effect of surface roughness on stain resistance of Dental resin composites. J Esthet Restor Dent 2005;17:102-109.
  5. Color stability of a dental composite after immersion in various media. Dent Mater J 2005 Sep;24(3):382-390.
  6. Effects of various finishing systems on the surface roughnessand staining susceptibility of packable composite resins. Dent Mater 2003;19(1):12-18.
  7. Color stability of resin matrix restorative materials as a functionof the method of light activation. Eur J Oral Sci 2004 Jun;112(3):280-285.
  8. J Composite resin color stability: influence of light sources and immersion media. Appl Oral Sci 2011;19(3):204-211.
  9. Color stability of dental composites as a function of shade. J Prosthet Dent 1998;79(4):372-377.
  10. Comparison of the color stability of ten new-generation composites: an in vitro study. Dent Mater 1994;10(6):353-362.
  11. Curing light performance and polymerization of composite restorative materials. J Dent 1992;20:183.
  12. Spectrophotometric and colorimetricevaluation of staining of the light cured composite after exposurewith different intensities of light curing units. J Conserv Dent 2011;14:391-394.
  13. Instructions for use. DENTSPLY Caulk 2012.
  14. Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable Restorative. Minnesota, USA: 2012.
  15. Instructions for use. VOCO 2010.
  16. Ivoclar Vivadent; 2011.
  17. The ability of foods to stain twocomposite resins. J Prosthet Dent 1980;43:542-545.
  18. Effects of sports beverages and polishing systems on color stability of different resin composites. J Conserv Dent 2014;17:325-329.
  19. Color Science: Concepts and Methods, Quantitative Data and Formulae John Wiley & Sons New York 166-169.
  20. Color stability of ionomer and resin composite restoratives in various environmental solutions: An invitro reflection spectrophotometric study. J Conserv Dent 2005;8:45-51.
  21. Influence of staining solutions and whitening procedures on discoloration of hybrid composite resins. Acta Odontol Scand 2013;71:144-150.
  22. Opacity and color changes of tooth-colored restorative materials. Oper Dent 1996;21(2):73-80.
  23. The effect of current bleaching agents on the color of light-polymerized composites in vitro. J Prosthet Dent. 2003 May;89(5):474-478.
  24. Color stability of resin composites after immersion in different drinks. Dent Mater 2006;25(2):371-376.
  25. Thermal emission and curing efficiency of LED and halogen curing lights. Oper Dent 2005;30(2):257-264.
  26. Comparison of halogen, plasma and LED curing units. Oper Dent 2004;29(3):287-294.
  27. Staining of resin-based veneering materials with coffee and tea. Quintessence Int 1991 May;22(5):377-386.
  28. Color stability and degree of cure of direct composite restoratives after accelerated aging. Oper Dent 2007;32(4):406-411.
  29. Color stability of provisional resin restorative materials J Prosthet Dent 1998;80(5):533-539.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.