Journal of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics

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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients Seeking Dental Care during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Questionnaire Survey

Mahendran Kavitha, Jothi L Sundaramurthy, Babu Shanmathy, Uma B Rajendran

Keywords : Attitude, Coronavirus disease-2019, Dental anxiety, Dental care, Knowledge, Questionnaire survey, Practice

Citation Information : Kavitha M, Sundaramurthy JL, Shanmathy B, Rajendran UB. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients Seeking Dental Care during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Questionnaire Survey. J Oper Dent Endod 2022; 7 (2):23-27.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0126

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 03-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of patients seeking dental care during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic among outpatients of Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India using a questionnaire survey. Materials and methods: A short questionnaire survey, which consisted of 16 structured close-ended questions, was conducted among 350 dental patients from April 2021 to August 2021. Statistical analysis was performed using a statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS), version 22.0. All the associations were tested using the Chi-square test and the p-value was set at less than 0.05. Wilcoxon signed rank nonparametric test was used to compare dental anxiety before and during the pandemic. Results: This survey showed that out of 350 patients examined, the overall knowledge of the participants regarding COVID–19 was 83.1; 63.5% displayed a positive attitude and 87.6% of participants demonstrated positive practice. Significance in KAP data was seen with respect to age, gender, education, and occupation with p < 0.05. There was a significant increase in dental anxiety during the pandemic (3.2 ± 3.4) when compared to the previous level (0.82 ± 1.78) with p < 0.001 evaluated by the numeric rating scale. Conclusion: Keeping in view of the responses obtained from this study, the general and dental population can be encouraged to exhibit more positive behavior and knowledge through educational programs provided by the government or other organizations, which would help in winning the battle against COVID-19. Clinical significance: Insufficiencies in knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 should be considered seriously and dealt with better through social media and various awareness programs. Analysis of dental anxiety before and during the pandemic gives an idea to the practitioner that the population must be encouraged to undergo treatment for all sorts of dental conditions by adhering to proper protocols.


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