Journal of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Risk of Airborne Infection and Transmission-based Precautions in Dental Setting

Kurinji A Ratnakaran, Hrudi S Sahoo

Keywords : Infection control, Infections, Saliva, Virulence,Aerosols

Citation Information : Ratnakaran KA, Sahoo HS. Risk of Airborne Infection and Transmission-based Precautions in Dental Setting. J Oper Dent Endod 2020; 5 (1):18-24.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0090

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 08-12-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

In the current scenario of constant emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases around the world, the dental fraternity must be well aware of the basic principles that govern infection prevention, and control to ensure preparedness and safe dental practice. Most dental procedures involve the use of one or more devices that generate spatter and aerosol. The dental aerosols may carry water, saliva, mucous, microorganisms, debris, calculus, blood, respiratory secretion, and/or metallic trace elements from restorative materials and possess a potential risk of disease transmission through inhalation to both the dental healthcare personnel (DHCP) and patients. Standard precautions taken during routine dental practice adequately protect the dental team and patients from the direct and contact-based transmission, but these precautions may not be sufficient to prevent airborne transmission of infectious diseases. Although the limited available evidence estimates the risk of airborne transmission in a dental setting to be low, it should not be underestimated. This narrative review aims to review the quantity, characteristic features, pathogenicity of aerosols produced in the dental settings, the associated risks, and precautions to be followed.


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