Journal of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Etiological Factors Associated with Non-carious Cervical Lesions: A Study at the Municipal Center for Oral Health of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Wendpoulomdé AD Kaboré, Jocelyne VW Garé, Kounbaviel Da

Keywords : Burkina Faso, Etiological factors, Non-carious cervical lesions

Citation Information : Kaboré WA, Garé JV, Da K. Etiological Factors Associated with Non-carious Cervical Lesions: A Study at the Municipal Center for Oral Health of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. J Oper Dent Endod 2021; 6 (2):53-57.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0112

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 24-05-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction: This work sought to study the etiological factors of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) in a Burkinabe population consulting at the Municipal Center for Oral Health of Ouagadougou. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional and descriptive study, carried out over the period from August 1 to October 31, 2020. The study population consisted of all adult patients diagnosed with NCCL (abrasion, erosion, or abfraction). The etiological variables assessed were the oral hygiene modalities, intrinsic acidity, extrinsic acidity, parafunctions, malocclusions, and stress. Results: During the investigation period, 595 patients were examined and 82 of them had at least one NCCL, for an overall prevalence of 13.8%. Extrinsic factors (citrus and other fruits, sodas, fruit juices and energy drinks, wine and alcohol, and vinaigrette) constituted 50% of the erosion factors that were investigated. Horizontal brushing (traumatic brushing) performed by the majority of patients (82.9%) was the major etiology of abrasion. In terms of abfraction factors, stress and malocclusions were the most represented etiologies, at 42.7 and 29.3%, respectively. Conclusion: Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) have multifactorial etiologies. Early diagnosis of signs of wear and tear would allow taking the necessary preventive and restorative measures aimed at tissue preservation.


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