Journal of Operative Dentistry & Endodontics

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Silanization on Push-out Bond Strength of H2O2-etched Fiber Posts Using Various Resin Cements: An In Vitro Study

Chandrakanth Majeti, Chandrasekhar Veeramachineni, Ravichandra Ravi

Keywords : Hydrogen peroxide etching, Push-out bond strength, Scanning electron microscope,Fiber post

Citation Information : Majeti C, Veeramachineni C, Ravi R. Effect of Silanization on Push-out Bond Strength of H2O2-etched Fiber Posts Using Various Resin Cements: An In Vitro Study. J Oper Dent Endod 2019; 4 (1):27-32.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0071

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Background and objectives: Etching of a fiber post is necessary for enhancing its adhesion to both the core and the root canal dentin. Many surface treatments are recommended for this purpose. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of silanization on the push-out bond strength of H2O2-etched fiber posts to a root canal dentin using different luting agents. Materials and methods: Sixty maxillary central incisors and fiber posts were taken and grouped, based on surface treatment posts received, as group I (control); group II and group III—etched with 24% H2O2, and sub-grouped (Ia Ib; IIa IIb; IIIa IIIb) based on the luting agent used. Group III received an additional treatment with silane before cementation and after etching. Each tooth was sectioned into three slices of 2 mm representing coronal, middle, and apical section of the tooth and subjected to a push-out test and the values obtained are statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey\'s post hoc tests. Results: Among all the groups, group III irrespective of sub-groups showed the highest bond strength values followed by group II and then group I. Coronal region showed higher values than middle and apical. Conclusion: Both the H2O2 etched groups (II and III) showed higher values than control group (group I). Silane treated groups (IIIa, IIIb) showed higher values than non-silanated group (IIa, IIb). There was no significant difference between the sub-groups (a, b) in all individual groups. In all groups, bond strengths were higher in coronal root region followed by middle and then apical.

PDF Share
  1. Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, et al. Text book and color atlas of traumatic injuries to the teeth, 4th ed., Blackwell.
  2. Schwartz RS, Robbins JW. Post placement and restoration of endodonticallytreated teeth: A Literature Review. J Endod 2004;30:289–301. DOI: 10.1097/00004770-200405000-00001.
  3. Salameh Z, Sorrentino R, et al. Fracture resistance and failure patterns of endodontically treated mandibular molars restored using resin composite with or without translucent glass fiber posts. J Endod 2006;32:752–755. DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2006.02.002.
  4. Cagidiaco MC, Godoy FG, et al. Placement of fiber prefabricated or custom made posts affects the 3-year survival of endodontically treated premolars. Am J Dent 2008;21:179–184.
  5. Schmitter M, Rammelsberg P, et al. Influence of clinical baseline findings on the survival of 2 post systems: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Int J Prosthodont 2007;20:173–178.
  6. Tay FR, Pashley DH. Monoblocks in Root Canals: A Hypothetical or a Tangible Goal. J Endod 2007;33:391–398.
  7. Goracci C, Raffaelli O, et al. The adhesion between prefabricated FRC posts and composite resin cores: microtensile bond strength with and without post-silanization. Dent Mater 2005;21:437–444. DOI: 10.1016/
  8. Mazzitelli C, Ferrari M, et al. Surface RoughnessAnalysis of Fiber Post Conditioning Processes. J Dent Res 2008;87:186–190. DOI: 10.1177/154405910808700204.
  9. Valandroa LF, Silvia Y, et al. Microtensile bond strength between a quartz fiber post and a resin cement: effect of post surface conditioning. J Adhes Dent 2006;8:105–111.
  10. Monticelli F, Toledano M, et al. Post-surface conditioning improves interfacial adhesion in post/core restorations. Dent Mater 2006;22:602–609. DOI: 10.1016/
  11. Monticelli F, Osorio R, et al. Surface Treatments for Improving Bond Strength to Prefabricated Fiber Posts: A Literature Review. Oper Dent 2008;33:346–355. DOI: 10.2341/07-86.
  12. Monticelli F, Toledano M, et al. A Simple Etching Technique for Improving the Retention of Fiber Posts to Resin Composites. J Endod 2006;32:44–47. DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2005.10.005.
  13. Vano M, Goracci C, et al. The adhesion between fibre posts and composite resin cores: the evaluation of microtensile bond strength following various surface chemical treatments to posts. Int Endod J 2006;39:31–39. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2005.01044.x.
  14. Bitter K, Meyer-Lückel H, et al. Bond strengths of resin cements to fiber-reinforced composite posts. Am J Dent 2006;19: 138–142.
  15. Perdigao J, Gomesb G, et al. The effect of silane on the bond strengths of fiber posts. Dent Mater 2006;22:752–758. DOI: 10.1016/
  16. Ari H, Yasar E, et al. Effects of NaOCl on bond strengths of resin cements to root canal dentin. J Endod 2001;29:248–251. DOI: 10.1097/00004770-200304000-00004.
  17. Van Meerbeek B, De Munck J, et al. Buonocore Memorial Lecture Adhesion to Enamel and Dentin: Current Status and Future Challenges. Oper Dent 2003;28:215–235.
  18. Matinlinna JP, Lassila LVJ, et al. An introduction to silanes and their clinical applications in dentistry. Int J Prosthodont 2004;17: 155–164.
  19. Perdigao J, Geraldeli S, et al. Push-out bond strengths of tooth-colored posts bonded with different adhesive systems. Am J Dent 2004;17:422–426.
  20. Sahmal S, Demirel F, et al. Comparison of in vitro tensile bond strengths of luting cements to metallic and tooth-colored posts. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2004;24:256–263.
  21. Mallmann A, Jacques LB, et al. Microtensile bond strength of light- and self-cured adhesive systems to intraradicular dentin using a translucent fiber post. Oper Dent 2005;30:500–506.
  22. Bolhuis P, de Gee A, et al. The influence of fatigue loading on the quality of the cement layer and retention strength of carbon fiber post-resin composite core restorations. Oper Dent 2005;30: 220–227.
  23. Bitter K, Lueckel HM, et al. Effects of luting agent and thermocycling on bond strengths to root canal dentine. Int Endod J 2006;39: 809–818. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01155.x.
  24. Magni E, Mazzitelli C, et al. Adhesion between fiber posts and resin luting agents: A microtensile bond strength test and an SEM investigation following different treatments of the post surface. J Adhes Dent 2007;9:195–202.
  25. Thomas Wrbas K, Altenburger MJ, et al. Effect of adhesive resin cements and Post surface silanization on the bond strengths of adhesively inserted fiber posts. J Endod 2007;33:840–843. DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2007.04.010.
  26. Bitter K, Noetzel J, et al. Effect of silanization on bond strengths of fiber posts to various resin cements. Quint Int 2007;38: 121–128.
  27. Radovic I, Monticelli F, et al. Self-adhesive Resin Cements: A Literature Review. J Adhes Dent 2008;10:251–258.
  28. Arcangelo CD, Zazzeroni S, et al. Bond strengths of three types of fibre-reinforced post systems in various regions of root canals. Int Endod J 2008;41:322–328. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2007. 01367.x.
  29. Zicari F, Couthino E, et al. Bonding effectiveness and sealing ability of fiber-post bonding. Dent Mater 2008;24:967–977. DOI: 10.1016/
  30. Ferrari M, Vichi A, et al. Efficacy of a self-curing adhesive–resin cement system on luting glass-fiber posts into root canals: An SEM Investigation. Int J Prosthodont 2001;14:543–549.
  31. Saker S, El-Kholany N, et al. Effect of different surface treatments on push-out bond strength of glass fiber posts to resin composite core material. J Dent App 2015;2(6):246–250.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.