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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Cracks and Fractures in Teeth
Angambakkam R PradeepKumar, Arunajatesan Subbiya
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:53] [Pages No:25-30] [No of Hits : 1497]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0029 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Cracks and fractures in teeth are difficult to diagnose and treat, especially in the initial stages. The etiology of cracks is still obscure. With an increase in both geriatric population and tooth retention, the incidence of cracked teeth can also increase. There are many types of cracks from simple craze lines to vertical root fracture. An astute clinician should make crack detection a part of diagnostic screening. Proper diagnosis and treatment of cracked teeth is not possible without knowledge of the types of cracks along with associated signs and symptoms. This review presents a brief introduction to the various types of cracks and will aid the clinician in crack identification and management.

Keywords: Cracked tooth, Fractured cusp, Vertical root fracture.

How to cite this article: PradeepKumar AR, Subbiya A. Cracks and Fractures in Teeth. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(1):25-30.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
“ENDOCROWN”—An Effective Viable Esthetic Option for Expurgated Endodontically treated Teeth: Two Case Reports
Selvanathan MJ Vinola, Saravanakarthikeyan Balasubramanian, Sekar Mahalaxmi
[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:49] [Pages No:97-102] [No of Hits : 1413]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0046 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Endocrowns are a viable option for the restoration of extensively damaged endodontically treated posterior teeth. The main objective is to achieve a bonded biomimetic reconstruction, i.e., minimally invasive of root canals. The clinical procedure that involves the endocrown fabrication may be considered less complex, more practical, and easier to perform when compared with that of conventional crowns with post and core. This article highlights two different case reports of badly mutilated endodontically treated teeth, effectively managed by means of endocrown-type restorations fabricated with both metal-free and metal ceramicbased prostheses with a 6-month follow-up period.

Keywords: Badly mutilated teeth, Biomimetic reconstruction, Endocrown, Esthetics, Pulpless teeth.

How to cite this article: Vinola SMJ, Balasubramanian S, Mahalaxmi S. “ENDOCROWN”—An Effective Viable Esthetic Option for Expurgated Endodontically treated Teeth: Two Case Reports. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(2):97-102.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
The Golden Proportion
Tripuravaram VK Reddy, Sihivahanan Dhanasekaran
[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:49] [Pages No:79-83] [No of Hits : 1125]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0042 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The Golden Proportion has been considered perfect, ideal, and desirable, and it has been used for many years by engineers and architects in studying beauty and in designing patterns and proportions. It has been proposed that the golden proportion is a useful tool for the evaluation of symmetry, dominance, and proportion in the diagnosis of tooth arrangement and in the application of esthetic dental treatment. The golden proportion is an element of design that a dental surgeon should be aware of. An understanding of this enigmatic proportion that has long stood for beauty may provide us with useful guidelines that can be combined with our existing knowledge and applied to our dental work for restoring dental esthetics with reasonable assurance of success.

Keywords: Divine proportion, Extreme mean ratio, Golden proportion, Phi.

How to cite this article: Reddy TVK, Dhanasekaran S. The Golden Proportion. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(2):79-83.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Effects of Different Final Irrigating Solutions on Depth of Sealer Penetration into the Dentinal Tubules: An in vitro Confocal Laser Microscopic Study
Madhavi A Shetty, Vibha Hegde
[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:49] [Pages No:69-73] [No of Hits : 900]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0040 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the maximum depth of sealer penetration into dentinal tubules at the coronal, middle, and apical third of root canals, following the use of different final irrigation solutions.

Materials and methods: Eighty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were selected for the study. After decoronation, instrumentation of samples was done using Protaper universal rotary file system till F4. During shaping and cleaning of root canal, 5.25% concentration of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) was used for irrigation. The samples were then randomly divided into four groups (n = 20) depending on the final irrigating solution used. Group I: 17% aqueous ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (MA) (aq. EDTA); group II: 10% citric acid (CA); group III: 5% maleic acid; group IV: 5.25% conc. NaOCl. Passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) was used to activate each final irrigating solution. The samples were obturated using warm lateral condensation technique with guttapercha coated with AH plus sealer mixed with rhodamine B dye. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) examined the sealer penetration depth.

Results: The Kruskal-Wallis analysis results showed that there was a significant difference in the maximum depth of sealer penetration among all groups in all sections (p < 0.05). The coronal sections of the root canals in each group showed a significantly higher depth of sealer penetration than did the apical and middle sections (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: A combination of 17% aq. EDTA and PUI used for final irrigation proved to be more effective for sealer penetration into the dentinal tubules.

Clinical significance: Final irrigation protocol followed is of paramount importance in achieving complete disinfection within the root canal, and also the penetration of sealer serves as an indicator of the extent to which the smear layer was removed.

Keywords: Citric acid, Dentinal tubules, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, Final irrigation, Sealer penetration.

How to cite this article: Shetty MA, Hegde V. Effects of Different Final Irrigating Solutions on Depth of Sealer Penetration into Dentinal Tubules: An in vitro Confocal Laser Microscopic Study. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(2):69-73.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  REVIEW ARTICLE
“Let’s go Green to get Our Globe Clean”: Green Dentistry
Priyanka H Sawant, Nilker Vimala, Leena Padhye
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:53] [Pages No:19-24] [No of Hits : 796]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0028 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Dentistry is an extremely important and foremost healing profession. In today’s world, with the increasing ecological disasters, it is highly obligatory to understand the paramount importance of being eco-friendly in every facet of our lives, including in dental practice, which has a huge impact on the environment. Eco-friendly dentistry is a term legally accepted by the Eco Dentistry Association, which is an emerging concept in dentistry. It is an approach to minimize the environmental hazards of dental practice and provide dental care in an environmentally friendly way. With the widespread introduction of beryllium into the dental industry, a large number of these workers are at risk for the development of chronic beryllium disease. Proper handling of biomedical and dental waste is indispensable for the dental profession. People have become much more cognizant of potentially harmful chemicals contained in plastic products, especially, bisphenol-A. This can be achieved by reducing waste and lowering pollution. Dental offices can use reusable towels, high-efficiency machines, and paperless records. A small change can make the overall impact of the dental office less damaging to the environment.
The purpose of this review is to discuss various ways that a dentist can choose to make the dental office “Green” and conserve precious resources with all the options available today. Eco-friendly dentistry is soon becoming the standard.

Keywords: Biomedical, Ecodentistry, Green.

How to cite this article: Sawant PH, Vimala N, Padhye L. “Let’s go Green to get Our Globe Clean”: Green Dentistry. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(1):19-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effect of Staining Solutions on the Color Stability of Conventional and Bulk Fill Nanohybrid Resin Composites: A Spectrophotometric Analysis
Jayaprakash Thumu, Anirudh Kadiyala, Indira Priyadarshini Bollu, Srinidhi Vishnu Ballullaya, Srihari Devalla
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:53] [Pages No:1-5] [No of Hits : 730]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0024 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of staining solutions on the color stability of bulk fill and conventional nanohybrid resin composites (RCs) when subjected to various immersion periods.

Materials and methods: A total of 120 cylindrical Teflon molds (4 × 4 mm) were obtained and divided into four groups of 30 each. Molds of groups I and II were filled with Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and Filtek Bulk Fill (3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA). Molds of groups III and IV were filled with Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Filtek Z250 XTE (3M ESPE) incremental fill RC. Photo-activation was performed and specimens were incubated. Spectrophotometer analysis was done according to Commission Internationale d’Eclairage Lab color scale. After taking the baseline measurements, 10 samples from each group were immersed in distilled water (control, subgroup a), tea (subgroup b), and coffee (subgroup c) respectively, for 1, 7, and 30 days. The color values of each specimen were remeasured and color change value (E*ab) was calculated after 1, 7, and 30 days. Data were analyzed by Friedman’s test and Mann–Whitney U-test; p < 0.05 is considered to be statistically significant.

Results: Group III specimens showed perceptible color changes at 30-day immersion period in coffee and tea. In group I specimens, color changes were perceptible at 7- and 30-day immersion periods in coffee and only 30-day immersion period in tea. Groups II and IV specimens showed perceptible color changes after all immersion periods in coffee and after 30 days in tea.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that Tetric N Ceram has less color change than the other nanohybrid RCs investigated when immersed in coffee and tea after various immersion periods.

Keywords: Bulk fill composite, Coffee, Color stability, Incremental fill composite, Tea.

How to cite this article: Thumu J, Kadiyala A, Bollu IP, Ballullaya SV, Devalla S. Effect of Staining Solutions on the Color Stability of Conventional and Bulk Fill Nanohybrid Resin Composites: A Spectrophotometric Analysis. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparison of the Postoperative Sensitivity using Two Flowable Composites in Noncarious Cervical Lesions: A Randomized Blinded Clinical Trial
Saranya Dhanapal, Nivedhitha M Sureshbabu
[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:49] [Pages No:55-60] [No of Hits : 661]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0037 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative sensitivity using two flowable composites in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs).

Materials and methods: A total of 136 teeth were randomly divided into two groups. In group I, 68 restorations were done using Filtek Z350 XT and in group II, 68 restorations were done using G-aenial GC Universal Flo. Sensitivity was evaluated using air blast, cold water, and cold ice stick. Visual analog scale (VAS) was used to record the sensitivity scores at baseline and at 2 days, 1 week, and 4 weeks after the treatment.

Results: When compared between Filtek and G-aenial groups in each test and at each time point, there was no significant difference in the reduction of postoperative sensitivity.

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that there was no statistical difference in the reduction of postoperative sensitivity between group I (Filtek Z350XT) and group II (G-aenial universal flow) when used in NCCLs.

Clinical significance: There was no statistical difference in the reduction of postoperative sensitivity between two flowable composites when used in NCCLs.

Keywords: Flowable composites, Noncarious cervical lesions, Postoperative sensitivity, Randomized clinical trial, Self-etch.

How to cite this article: Dhanapal S, Sureshbabu NM. Comparison of the Postoperative Sensitivity using Two Flowable Composites in Noncarious Cervical Lesions: A Randomized Blinded Clinical Trial. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(2):55-60.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Bluetooth for White Tooth
Kavitha Mahendran, Sathish Sundar, Shobana Shekar, Baskaran Kumarasamy, Aruna Raj
[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:49] [Pages No:61-64] [No of Hits : 661]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0038 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Dental caries is caused by a complex interplay of factors, with pH of the saliva playing a crucial role in initiating the carious process in the presence of cariogenic bacteria. It is the second most common infection in the world next only to common cold. So its prevention becomes very important and we have to devise newer effective strategies for the same. This article enlightens a proof of concept and working model of an indigenously developed wireless pH monitoring device which will be converted into a miniaturized version in future.
The micro pH meter facilitates long-term tooth surface pH monitoring and providing real-time feedback to the patients and dental experts. The pH meter sends signals to an external monitoring equipment via Bluetooth facility and warns the subject about the pH status of his saliva. After the reception of the warning, the subjects should use routine brushing and flossing or use a medicated chewing gum or rinse with a mouthwash. Extrapolating to the clinical environment, this novel dental device can control a global disease called caries, which causes a lot of financial burden and time-consuming restorative dental treatment to patients worldwide.

Clinical significance: Real-time devices that monitor the pH changes in the oral environment and alert the patient prompting them to adopt preventive measures will help in executing oral care services on a day-to-day basis, thereby averting the need for comprehensive oral procedures.

Keywords: Bluetooth, Critical pH, Dental caries, Micro pH meter.

How to cite this article: Mahendran K, Sundar S, Shekar S, Kumarasamy B, Raj A. Bluetooth for White Tooth. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(2):61-64.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Veneer Crafting: The Smile Makeover
Mridu Pant, Deepak Raisingani, Nidha Madan, Deeksha Khurana, Harshit Srivastava, Namita Somani
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:53] [Pages No:45-49] [No of Hits : 558]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0033 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The appearance of dentition is of concern to a large number of people seeking dental treatment. The color of teeth is of particular cosmetic importance. There has been a recent increase in interest in the treatment of tooth staining and discoloration. Veneers are a conservative method for the treatment of esthetic and functional problems in the anterior region of the oral cavity. Since its introduction in 1938 by Charles Pincus, ceramic veneer restorations have proven to be durable and esthetic restorative procedures for treatment of teeth. Ceramic veneers are more conservative than crowns and maintain the biomechanics of an original tooth, with a success rate of approximately 93%. Due to that, the indications of this procedure expanded to a point where its use is now a common practice in dental clinics. This article highlights on veneer crafting and its approach toward smile makeover.

Keywords: Esthetics, Fluorosis, Veneers.

How to cite this article: Pant M, Raisingani D, Madan N, Khurana D, Srivastava H, Somani N. Veneer Crafting: The Smile Makeover. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(1):45-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Full Mouth Rehabilitation of Adult Rampant Caries with Pragmatic Approach
P Sindhu Padmanabha, Patrick T Arul, IB Geeta
[Year:2017] [Month:July-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:49] [Pages No:88-92] [No of Hits : 538]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10047-0044 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this article is full mouth rehabilitation of adult rampant caries with a pragmatic approach.

Background: Dentistry has evolved from treating pain and oral diseases to improving esthetics and the overall look and appeal of an individual. Rampant caries are the nightmares of every individual, which are even more grossly accentuated in adults when compared with children. It can lead to emotional imbalance and the near death of a person’s confidence. The prognosis of the treatment depends upon the age of the patient, extent of decay, cooperation of the patient, and the patient’s motivation toward dental treatment. Herein, the pragmatic approach comes into play, by focusing on what is still left in the patient’s arsenal. This simply means the esthetics of the patient’s dentition has been improved from the original appearance, but may not be perceived as “dental perfection,” which can be accomplished through adhesive restorations.

Case report: A 38-year-old female patient reported to the department with rapid widespread decay in her upper and lower teeth for 2 years, after her second pregnancy and was mainly concerned with esthetics in her anterior dentition. The treatment included extraction of hopeless teeth irt #16, 26, 46, 15, 22 and root canal treatment reinforced with fiber post #11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 23, 31, 32, 33, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 followed by composite restorations to enhance the esthetics, and the missing teeth were replaced with removable partial dentures.

Conclusion: The esthetic result achieved may not conform to the highest dental perfection, but represents an effective way of protecting the teeth from further tooth structure loss, while effecting an improvement in patient-perceived esthetics. This is the concept of pragmatic esthetics.

Clinical significance: Composite resin restorations represent an effective way of enhancing the esthetics and conservation of the remaining sound tooth structure for rampant caries.

Keywords: Adult rampant caries, Case report, Composites, Full mouth rehabilitation, Pragmatic approach.

How to cite this article: Padmanabha PS, Arul PT, Geeta IB. Full Mouth Rehabilitation of Adult Rampant Caries with Pragmatic Approach. J Oper Dent Endod 2017;2(2):88-92.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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